Spark Plugs

Last Updated on by Mark Embury

Aprilia Futura – Spark plugs check/adjust/replace

The Aprilia Futura’s Rotax engine has two spark plugs per cyclinder.

The Futura manual says to clean and regap the plugs at the 4,650 mile service, then to replace every 9,350 miles. The plug gap should be 0.6-0.7 mm.

Original equipment plugs are NGK DCPR9E or DCPR8E (hotter grade).

Ken’s (no longer available) Falco site covered practically everything you ever need to know about spark plugs for the Falco, and therefore the Futura. As well as the Futura the information applies to the Caponord and early RSV. Here it is:

Everything you meed to know about spark plugs for the Aprilia Futura. Falco, early RSV and Caponord

Which plug – hotter or colder?

Two types of NGK plugs are available. On top is the DCPR8E. Below is the stock DCPR9E.

A colder plug means that the electrode does not extend as far into the cylinder. The electrode will be more shielded from combustion heat, but more importantly will have less thermal impedance, or will sink more heat back into the cylinder head than a “hotter” plug.

The objective is to select a heat range that burns off contaminants at the same rate they are deposited. Too cold a plug will become coated with deposits and will foul. Too hot and the insulator may crack, the electrode edges will round, pre-ignition can occur, or if the plug reaches too far, the plug could actually contact the piston at speed.

Street plugs typically have extended noses like this one, because they must be operated in conditions of low speed or idling without fouling. Service intervals are not as often as a race bike either, so it’s helpful that deposits can become greater without fouling the extended nose plug.

‘Reading’ your plugs

The Futura/Falco/RSV/Caponord uses two plugs per cylinder, each fed by its own coil. These plugs were regapped once at 4,500 miles, then removed at 7,500 miles. The insulators are tan colored and dry. The electrodes are still fairly sharp, and the deposits on the grounds are typical of pump gas.

Much has been said about “reading” plugs. I guess what you have to remember is that the plug is a history of a lot of running hours, under many different operating conditions and with fuel from different pumps.

If the plug is burning hot, it may be dominated by a snapshot of the last operating condition, but if you were running lean for 10,000 miles then pulled the plug after operating the choke for 1 minute, you’d probably never see the lean condition.

If you really want to read plugs, you have to start with a fresh plug and operate the bike at the one condition you are interested in. Then kill the motor and coast it to a stop without changing the conditions. An exhaust gas analyzer is much easier to read.

The ignition system in the Falco is mostly likely “inductive”, as opposed to CDI, or capacitive discharge. I say this because the plug gap is fairly low, not because I could read the wiring diagram. Some day I will put a scope on it. Each plug is fed by its own coil (four in total).

Cleaning and re-gapping spark plugs

It is a good idea to file the electrode sharp at the first service. A sharp edge will arc over at lower voltages, or will maintain a spark longer. You probably don’t want to clean plugs with a wire wheel as I’ve done in the past. I’ve read that this can embed conductive particles in the insulator and your plug can short. I also used to work at a shop that had a portable sandblasting tool for cleaning plugs. Even blowing with compressed air afterwards, you were never quite sure if there was a piece of sand still stuck up in the insulator. I usually just replace them if I have new plugs on hand, or file and regap and skip the cleaning step.

Iridium spark plugs

Some owners have switched to Iridium plugs, which are far more expensive.

Whether it’s worth the expense would appear to be down to personal taste rather than anything else.

But it has to be said that just changing worn out standard plugs makes a massive difference to the responsiveness of the engine.

Before removing the spark plugs on the Falco, you’ll definitely want to blast the head cavities with compressed air. Mine were full of sand. For a description of how to get to the plugs, see the airbox page. When replacing the plugs, you can use the torque figures given below, but this is one of a couple of places I don’t trust a torque wrench – the other being the dwing arm pinch bolts. The feel of the gasket crushing has an eerie feeling similar to that of threads stripping. It has to be experienced by hand to be appreciated.

Summary of Spark Plug Features

PLUGHEAT RANGEOPERATING CONDITIONSREACHTHREAD DIAGAPSOCKET SIZETORQUE
DCPR9Ecolderhigher speed/higher temperature18mm12mm0.6-0.7mm
(0.24-0.28 inch)
5/8 inch20 Nm
(14 ft/lbs)
DCPR8Ehotterlower speed/lower temperature18mm12mm0.6-0.7mm
(0.24-0.28 inch)
5/8 inch20 Nm
(14 ft/lbs)

 

Spark Plug Cross Reference

BrandPart NumberTypeBrandPart NumberType
NGKDCPR9Ecopper/nickelNGKDCPR8Ecopper/nickel
ApriliaAP0297942copper/nickelChampion809copper/nickel
Champion905copper/nickelDensoXU27EPR-Ucopper/nickel
Autolite4162copper/nickelBoschY5DDCcopper/nickel
NGKDCPR8EIXIridium
AutoliteXS4162Iridium
DensoIX27BIridium